Tags: Lung Abscess

Other Pseudomonas Species of Medical Importance

ContentsP PSEUDOMALLEI MELIOIDOSISP MALLEI (GLANDERS)STENOTROPHOMONAS MALTOPHILIABURKHOLDERIA CEPACIABuy Most Popular Antibiotic, Antifungal, Antiparasitic, Antiviral Drugs Online no RX & OTCP PSEUDOMALLEI MELIOIDOSIS This organism is endemic in Southeast Asia with the highest prevalence in Thailand. The organism is a saprophyte living in the soil. Infection may be subclinical, acute, subacute, or chronic. Pulmonary infection is most common. Histologically, the acute illness is represented by lung abscesses and the subacute form by caseation necrosis. Upper lobe cavities must be distinguished from those caused by tuberculosis. Debilitated patients may develop hematogenous spread of the organism to other organs. Skin lesions from direct inoculation cause suppurative lesions often in association with nodular lymphangitis and regional …

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Enterococci: Clinical Syndromes

ContentsURINARY TRACT INFECTIONBACTEREMIA & ENDOCARDITISINTRA-ABDOMINAL & PELVIC INFECTIONWOUND & SOFT TISSUE INFECTIONMENINGITISDiagnosisTreatmentPrevention & ControlBuy Most Popular Antibiotic, Antifungal, Antiparasitic, Antiviral Drugs Online no RX & OTCURINARY TRACT INFECTION Urinary tract infections, including uncomplicated cystitis, pyelonephritis, prostatitis, and perinephric abscess, are the most common type of clinical infections produced by enterococci (Box 1). Most enterococcal urinary tract infections are nosocomial and are associated with urinary catheterization or instrumentation. BACTEREMIA & ENDOCARDITIS Nosocomial enterococcal bacteremias are commonly polymicrobial. Portals of entry for enterococcal bacteremia include the urinary tract, intra-abdominal or pelvic sources, wounds (especially burns, decubitus ulcers, and diabetic foot infections), intravascular catheters, and the biliary tree. Metastatic infections other than endocarditis are …

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Pneumonia

ContentsDiagnosisTreatmentBuy Most Popular Antibiotic, Antifungal, Antiparasitic, Antiviral Drugs Online no RX & OTCThis section focuses on the clinical findings, diagnosis, and treatment of pneumococcal pneumonia. Clinical Findings A. Signs and Symptoms. The so-called classic presentation of pneumococcal pneumonia consists of an abrupt onset of a shaking chill followed shortly after by fever and production of rusty sputum (Box 2). This classic presentation, however, is not the most common. Typically, patients present because of a change in preexisting symptoms. Many have had several days of a viral upper respiratory infection marked by coryza, sore throat, and nonproductive cough, or they have chronic pulmonary disease with its attendant persistent productive cough. In these …

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Coccidioidomycosis

ContentsDescription of Medical ConditionMedical Symptoms and Signs of DiseaseWhat Causes Disease?Risk FactorsDiagnosis of DiseaseDifferential DiagnosisLaboratoryPathological FindingsSpecial TestsImagingDiagnostic ProceduresTreatment (Medical Therapy)Appropriate Health CareGeneral MeasuresActivityDietPatient EducationMedications (Drugs, Medicines)Drug(s) of ChoiceAlternative DrugsPatient MonitoringPrevention / AvoidancePossible ComplicationsExpected Course / PrognosisMiscellaneousAssociated ConditionsAge-Related FactorsPregnancySynonymsInternational Classification of DiseasesSee AlsoOther NotesBuy Most Popular Antibiotic, Antifungal, Antiparasitic, Antiviral Drugs Online no RX & OTCDescription of Medical Condition Pulmonary fungal infection endemic to the Southwest USA. Can become progressive and involve extrapulmonary sites, including bone, CNS, and skin. Known as the “great imitator.” Incubation period is 1 to 4 weeks after exposure. System(s) affected: Pulmonary, Nervous, Musculoskeletal, Skin/Exocrine, Endocrine/Metabolic Genetics: Unknown Incidence/Prevalence in USA: 100,000 cases per year. (0.5% extrapulmonary) Predominant …

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Bronchiectasis

Description of Medical Condition Chronic irreversible, abnormal dilatation of the bronchi, usually accompanied by infection and productive cough System(s) affected: Pulmonary Genetics: Associated with many conditions including some that are congenital or hereditary Incidence/Prevalence in USA: • No reliable figures available • Less common than it once was, probably due to more effective treatment of childhood …

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Brain Abscess

Description of Medical Condition Single or multiple abscesses within the brain, usually occurring secondary to a focus of infection outside the central nervous system. May mimic brain tumor but evolves more rapidly (days to a few weeks). It starts as a cerebritis, becomes necrotic, and subsequently becomes encapsulated. System(s) affected: Nervous Genetics: No known genetic pattern Incidence/Prevalence in …

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Blastomycosis

ContentsDescription of Medical ConditionMedical Symptoms and Signs of DiseaseWhat Causes Disease?Risk FactorsDiagnosis of DiseaseDifferential DiagnosisLaboratoryPathological FindingsSpecial TestsImagingDiagnostic ProceduresTreatment (Medical Therapy)Appropriate Health CareGeneral MeasuresSurgical MeasuresActivityDietPatient EducationMedications (Drugs, Medicines)Drug(s) of ChoiceAlternative DrugsPatient MonitoringPrevention / AvoidancePossible ComplicationsExpected Course / PrognosisMiscellaneousAssociated ConditionsAge-Related FactorsPregnancySynonymsInternational Classification of DiseasesSee AlsoBuy Most Popular Antibiotic, Antifungal, Antiparasitic, Antiviral Drugs Online no RX & OTCDescription of Medical Condition An uncommon, systemic, fungal infection with a broad range of manifestations including pulmonary, skin, bone and genitourinary involvement System(s) affected: Skin/Exocrine, Pulmonary, Musculoskeletal, Renal/Urologic, Endocrine/Metabolic Genetics: N/A Incidence/Prevalence in USA: Ranges from 0.4-4 cases per 100,000 population per year. Higher prevalence in states bordering the Mississippi and Ohio Rivers. Sporadic cases occurring in …

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Amebiasis

ContentsDescription of Medical ConditionMedical Symptoms and Signs of DiseaseWhat Causes Disease?Risk FactorsDiagnosis of DiseaseDifferential DiagnosisLaboratoryPathological FindingsImagingDiagnostic ProceduresTreatment (Medical Therapy)Appropriate Health CareGeneral MeasuresSurgical MeasuresActivityDietPatient EducationMedications (Drugs, Medicines)Drug(s) of ChoiceAlternative DrugsPatient MonitoringPrevention / AvoidancePossible ComplicationsExpected Course / PrognosisMiscellaneousAssociated ConditionsAge-Related FactorsPregnancySynonymsInternational Classification of DiseasesSee AlsoBuy Most Popular Antibiotic, Antifungal, Antiparasitic, Antiviral Drugs Online no RX & OTCDescription of Medical Condition Amebiasis is caused by the intestinal protozoan, Entamoeba histolytica. Infection results from ingestion of fecally contaminated food, such as garden vegetables or by direct fecal-oral transmission. Most persons are asymptomatic or have minimal diarrheal symptoms. In a few patients, invasive intestinal or extraintestinal (e.g., liver, and less commonly kidney, bladder, male or female genitalia, …

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Pulmonary Infections

ContentsAcute PneumoniasPotential SeverityGeneral Considerations In Acute PneumoniaPrevalenceCausesPathogenesis and PathologyKey PointsAbout the Protective Mechanisms of the LungAbout the Pathogenesis of PneumoniaPredisposing FactorsKey Points About Factors that Predispose to PneumoniaSymptoms and Signs Case 1Key PointsAbout the Classification of Pneumonia Pneumonias are classified byKey Points About the History in PneumoniaKey PointsAbout the Physical Exam in PneumoniaLaboratory FindingsAbout Chest X-Ray in PneumoniaKey PointsAbout Blood Tests in PneumoniaKey PointsAbout Sputum Gram Stain and CultureDeciding On Hospital Admission In Acute PneumoniaSpecific Causes Of Acute Community-Acquired PneumoniaChronic Pneumonias TuberculosisPotential SeverityCase  3PathogenesisEpidemiologyKey PointsAbout the Pathogenesis of TuberculosisKey Points About the Epidemiology of TuberculosisKey Points About Primary TuberculosisClinical ManifestationsPrimary TuberculosisMiliary TuberculosisKey PointsAbout Miliary TuberculosisSecondary TuberculosisKey PointsAbout Secondary TuberculosisDiagnosisKey PointsAbout the …

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