Tags: Joint infections

Orthopedic Infections

Bone and joint infections caused by P aeruginosa may result as complications of surgery, in particular the implantation of joint prostheses, or pelvic or genitourinary surgery, in association with intravenous (IV) drug abuse, trauma resulting in open fractures such as motor vehicle or farm related accidents, complicated UTIs, diabetic foot ulcers, or puncture wounds of the foot. P aeruginosa has a predilection to infect fibrocartilaginous structures. P aeruginosa prosthetic joint infections may occur as a result of contamination during implantation, aspiration, or injection of the joint with corticosteroids. In addition, P aeruginosa prosthetic joint infections may occur as a result of repeated surgical manipulation of the joint, joint revision, or reimplantation …

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Other Gram-Positive Cocci

The following organisms are too rare to merit extensive discussion of clinical syndromes, diagnosis, and treatment (see Box 4). STREPTOCOCCUS INIAE S iniae has recently been described as a cause of cellulitis, bacteremia, endocarditis, meningitis, and septic arthritis associated with the preparation of the aquacultured fresh fish tilapia. LEUCONOSTOC SPECIES Leuconostoc spp. are gram-positive cocci or coccobacilli that grow in pairs and chains; Leuconostoc spp. may be morphologically mistaken for streptococci. They are vancomycin-resistant facultative anaerobes that are commonly found on plants and vegetables and less commonly in dairy products and wine. Leuconostoc spp. have been documented to cause bacteremias, intravenous line sepsis with localized exit site infection and/or bacteremia, meningitis, …

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Group B Streptococcus (S Agalactiae) Clinical Syndromes

1. EARLY-ONSET GROUP B STREPTOCOCCAL NEONATAL INFECTION Early-onset group B streptococcal neonatal infection has three major clinical expressions: bacteremia with no identifiable focus of infection, pneumonia, and meningitis (Box 1). Signs and symptoms of early-onset group B streptococcal neonatal infection include lethargy, poor feeding, jaundice, abnormal temperature, grunting respirations, pallor, and hypotension. In most infants with pneumonia, symptoms of respiratory distress are present at or within a few hours after birth. Signs of respiratory distress associated with pneumonia include apnea, grunting, tachypnea, and cyanosis. The radiographic findings in infants with pneumonia may be indistinguishable from those of hyaline membrane disease. Infants with meningitis have a clinical presentation that initially cannot be …

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Ciprofloxacin 250mg, 500mg, 750mg Tablets [Cipro, Ciproxin]

Generic Name: Ciprofloxacin Information For The User Ciprofloxacin 250mg Film-Coated Tablets Ciprofloxacin 500mg Film-Coated Tablets Ciprofloxacin 750mg Film-Coated Tablets 1. What Are Ciprofloxacin Tablets And What Are They Used For? Ciprofloxacin belongs to a group of medicines known as the quinolone antibacterials, fluoroquinolones. It has high anti-bacterial activity against a wide range of organisms. Ciprofloxacin works by killing bacteria that cause infections, it only works with specific strains of bacteria. Adults: Ciprofloxacin is used to treat the following bacterial infections: respiratory tract infections(Eg. certain types of pneumonia) long lasting or recurring ear or sinus infections urinary tract infections (bladder and kidneys infection) infections of the testicles genital organ infections in women(e.g. …

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Invasive (dysentery-like) Diarrhea

Bacillary Dysentery (Shigellosis) Four species of Shigella are most often associated with disease: S. dysenteriae type I, S. flexneri, S. bovdii, and S. sonnei. Poor sanitation, poor personal hygiene, inadequate water supply, malnutrition, and increased population density are associated with increased risk of Shigella gastroenteritis epidemics, even in developed countries. The majority of cases are thought to result from fecal-oral transmission. Shigella spp. cause dysentery upon penetrating the epithelial cells lining the colon. Microabscesses may eventually coalesce, forming larger abscesses. Some Shigella species produce a cytotoxin, or shigatoxin, the pathogenic role of which is unclear although it is thought to damage endothelial cells of the lamina propria, resulting in microangiopathic changes …

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Buy Cleocin (Clindamycin) Without Prescription 150/300mg

Clindamycin Hydrochloride, Clindamycin Palmitate Hydrochloride, Clindamycin Phosphate: Uses Clindamycin generally is used for the treatment of serious infections caused by susceptible gram-positive bacteria and for the treatment of serious infections caused by susceptible anaerobic bacteria. Because the risk of severe, potentially fatal Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea and colitis may be higher with clindamycin than with certain other anti-infectives, use of the drug should be limited to serious infections for which less toxic and/or more effective anti-infectives are not readily available. However, it should be noted that C. difficile diarrhea and colitis has been associated with the use of nearly all anti-infectives, being reported most frequently with clindamycin, cephalosporins, and ampicillin; second and …

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Buy generic Ciloxan No Rx 0.3%-5ml

Ciprofloxacin Hydrochloride: Dosage and Administration • Administration Ciprofloxacin is administered orally as conventional tablets containing the hydrochloride, as an oral suspension containing the base, or as extended-release tablets containing both the hydrochloride and the base. Ciprofloxacin is given by IV infusion as the lactate salt. IV therapy with the drug generally is reserved for patients who do not tolerate or are unable to take the drug orally and for other patients in whom the IV route offers a clinical advantage. Patients receiving initial therapy with IV ciprofloxacin may be switched to oral ciprofloxacin (conventional tablets, oral suspension) when clinically appropriate. Patients receiving ciprofloxacin orally or IV should be well hydrated and …

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Buy Ciloxan Online Without Prescription 0.3%-5ml

Ciprofloxacin Hydrochloride: Uses Ciprofloxacin is used orally or IV in adults for the treatment of urinary tract infections, chronic bacterial prostatitis, acute sinusitis, lower respiratory tract infections, skin and skin structure infections, or bone and joint infections caused by susceptible gram-negative and gram-positive aerobic bacteria. Ciprofloxacin is used orally or IV for inhalational anthrax (postexposure) following suspected or confirmed exposure to aerosolized Bacillus anthracis spores and also is used for prophylaxis following ingestion of B. anthracis spores and for the treatment of inhalational anthrax, cutaneous anthrax, or GI and oropharyngeal anthrax. Ciprofloxacin also is used orally for the treatment of acute sinusitis, uncomplicated cervical and urethral gonorrhea, typhoid fever, and GI …

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Ticarcillin Disodium and Clavulanate Potassium: Uses

Ticarcillin disodium and clavulanate potassium is used for the treatment of lower respiratory tract infections, skin and skin structure infections, complicated and uncomplicated urinary tract infections, bone and joint infections, septicemia, intra-abdominal infections (e.g., peritonitis), and gynecologic infections (e.g., endometritis), caused by susceptible organisms. Ticarcillin disodium and clavulanate potassium is used principally for the treatment of infections caused by, or suspected of being caused by, susceptible b-lactamase-producing strains of Citrobacter, Enterobacter, Escherichia coli, Haemophilus influenzae, Klebsiella, Pseudomonas, Serratia, and Staphylococcus when an extended-spectrum penicillin alone would be ineffective. Although ticarcillin disodium and clavulanate potassium also may be effective in the treatment of infections caused by non-b-lactamase-producing organisms susceptible to ticarcillin alone, …

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Aminoglycosides: Amikacin, Gentamicin, Kanamycin, or Tobramycin

Amikacin Sulfate, Gentamicin Sulfate, Kanamycin Sulfate, Neomycin Sulfate, Paromomycin Sulfate, Streptomycin Sulfate, Tobramycin Sulfate • Aminoglycosides are antibiotics that generally are active against many aerobic gram-negative bacteria and some aerobic gram-positive bacteria and principally are used for serious infections. Uses • Parenteral Amikacin, gentamicin, kanamycin, or tobramycin is used IM or IV in the short-term treatment of serious infections such as septicemia (including neonatal sepsis), bone and joint infections, skin and soft tissue infections (including those resulting from burns), respiratory tract infections, and postoperative and intra-abdominal infections (including peritonitis) caused by susceptible strains of gram-negative bacteria. The drugs also are effective in serious, complicated, recurrent urinary tract infections caused by susceptible …

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