Tags: Choramphenicol

Central Nervous System Infections

Definition Central nervous system infections include a wide variety of clinical conditions and etiologies: meningitis, meningoencephalitis, encephalitis, brain and meningeal abscesses, and shunt infections. The focus of this chapter is meningitis. Pathophysiology Infections are the result of hematogenous spread from a primary infection site, seeding from a parameningeal focus, reactivation from a latent site, trauma, or congenital defects in the central nervous system. central nervous system infections may be caused by a variety of bacteria, fungi, viruses, and parasites. The most common causes of bacterial meningitis include Streptococcus pneumoniae, Neisseria meningitides, Listeria monocytogenes, and Haemophilus influenzae. The critical first step in the acquisition of acute bacterial meningitis is nasopharyngeal colonization of …

Continue Reading...
CLOSE
CLOSE