Tags: Azlocillin

Branhamella Catarrhalis: Clinical Syndromes

B catarrhalis causes bronchitis and pneumonia in patients with underlying lung disease, especially chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. It is also a rare cause of invasive disease, including meningitis, endocarditis, bacteremia without a focus, septic arthritis, and cellulitis. In addition, it is a recognized cause of acute conjunctivitis and is periodically mistaken as Neisseria gonorrhoeae in newborn infants with conjunctivitis. B catarrhalis occasionally colonizes the genital mucosa and has been reported as a cause of urethritis. Clinical Findings Signs and Symptoms The signs and symptoms of B catarrhalis acute otitis media and sinusitis are indistinguishable from those present when acute otitis media and sinusitis are caused by other pathogens (Box 8). However, […]

Order Amoxil (Amoxicillin) Without Prescription 500mg

Amoxicillin: A Broad Spectrum Antibiotic Amoxicillin though originally introduced in the early 1970's for oral use in U.K., has found a gradually regular place as broad spectrum antibacterial to treat the infections of various diseases. Amoxicillin has been found to be more effective against gram positive than gram negative microorganisms and demonstrated greater efficacy to penicillin and penicillin V. Moreover, it has been found comparable to other antibiotics, e.g. ampicillin, azithromycin, clarithromycin, cefuroxime and doxycycline in treatment of various infections / diseases. In the past decade, amoxicillin has been reported to be useful in the management of many indications and is used to treat infections of the middle ear (otitis media) […]

Antimicrobial therapy: general principles

A wide variety of antimicrobial agents is available to treat established infections caused by bacteria, fungi, viruses, or parasites. This section will cover the general principles of antimicrobial therapy and will also include illustrative clinical problems to emphasize proper decision-making in using antimicrobials. Determinants of Antimicrobial Efficacy Measurement of antimicrobial activity in vitro Susceptibility testing is indicated for any bacterial pathogen warranting chemotherapy. Drugs that irreversibly destroy the ability of an organism to replicate, and perhaps in the process destroy the structural integrity of the organism, are microbicidal. Drugs that reversibly impair replicating ability, with this function being restored when drug concentrations fall below critical inhibitory levels, are microbiostatic. In quantitative […]


Penicillin G Penicillin G is an acid that is combined with sodium, potassium, procaine, or benzathine to increase its stability or to regulate its absorption. The latter two are “long-acting” forms. Penicillin G is useful in the treatment of streptococcal infections due to S. pyogenes (group A), S. agalactiae (group B), S. pneumoniae, viridans streptococci, Corynebacterium diphtheria, N. meningitidis, many strains of N. gonorrhea, Treponema pallidum, and many anaerobic streptococci, such as peptococcus and peptostreptococcus. In combination with aminoglycosides, any penicillin G compounds can be used to treat enterococci and L. monocytogenes infections. These organisms cause many clinical syndromes including cellulitis, pharyngitis, pneumonia, septicemia, endocarditis, meningitis, abscesses in lung, sexually transmitted […]

Aminoglycosides: Amikacin, Gentamicin, Kanamycin, or Tobramycin

Amikacin Sulfate, Gentamicin Sulfate, Kanamycin Sulfate, Neomycin Sulfate, Paromomycin Sulfate, Streptomycin Sulfate, Tobramycin Sulfate Aminoglycosides are antibiotics that generally are active against many aerobic gram-negative bacteria and some aerobic gram-positive bacteria and principally are used for serious infections. Uses Parenteral Amikacin, gentamicin, kanamycin, or tobramycin is used IM or IV in the short-term treatment of serious infections such as septicemia (including neonatal sepsis), bone and joint infections, skin and soft tissue infections (including those resulting from burns), respiratory tract infections, and postoperative and intra-abdominal infections (including peritonitis) caused by susceptible strains of gram-negative bacteria. The drugs also are effective in serious, complicated, recurrent urinary tract infections caused by susceptible gram-negative bacteria; […]


Drug Nomenclature Synonyms: Metslosilliini; Mezlocillin; Mezlocillinum BAN: Mezlocillin USAN: Mezlocillin INN: Mezlocillin [rINN (en)] INN: Mezlocilina [rINN (es)] INN: Mezlocilline [rINN (fr)] INN: Mezlocillinum [rINN (la)] INN: Мезлоциллин [rINN (ru)] Chemical name: 6-[N-(3-Methylsulfonyl-2-oxoimidazolidin-1-ylcarbonyl)-d-phenylglycylamino]penicillanic acid Molecular formula: C21H25N5O8S2 =539.6 CAS: 51481-65-3 ATC code: J01CA10 Mezlocillin Sodium Drug Nomenclature Synonyms: Bay-f-1353; Mezlocilina sódica BAN: Mezlocillin Sodium [BANM] INN: Mezlocillin Sodium [rINNM (en)] INN: Mezlocilina sódica [rINNM (es)] INN: Mezlocilline Sodique [rINNM (fr)] INN: Natrii Mezlocillinum [rINNM (la)] INN: Натрий Мезлоциллин [rINNM (ru)] Chemical name: Sodium (6R)-6-[d-2-(3-mesyl-2-oxoimidazolidine-1-carboxamido)-2-phenylacetamido]penicillanate monohydrate Molecular formula: C21H24N5NaO8S2,H2O =579.6 CAS: 42057-22-7 (anhydrous mezlocillin sodium); 80495-46-1 (mezlocillin sodium monohydrate) ATC code: J01CA10 Pharmacopoeias The United States Pharmacopeia A white to pale yellow […]


Drug Nomenclature International Nonproprietary Names (INNs) in main languages (French, Latin, Russian, and Spanish): Synonyms: Atslosilliini; Azlocillin; Azlocillinum BAN: Azlocillin USAN: Azlocillin INN: Azlocillin [rINN (en)] INN: Azlocilina [rINN (es)] INN: Azlocilline [rINN (fr)] INN: Azlocillinum [rINN (la)] INN: Азлоциллин [rINN (ru)] Chemical name: 6-[N-(2-Oxoimidazolidin-1-ylcarbonyl)-d-phenylglycylamino]penicillanic acid Molecular formula: C20H23N5O6S =461.5 CAS: 37091-66-0 Azlocillin Sodium Drug Nomenclature INNs in main languages (French, Latin, Russian, and Spanish): Synonyms: Azlocilina sódica; Bay-e-6905 BAN: Azlocillin Sodium [BANM] INN: Azlocillin Sodium [rINNM (en)] INN: Azlocilina sódica [rINNM (es)] INN: Azlocilline Sodique [rINNM (fr)] INN: Natrii Azlocillinum [rINNM (la)] INN: Натрий Азлоциллин [rINNM (ru)] Chemical name: Sodium (6R)-6-[d-2-(2-oxoimidazolidine-1-carboxamido)-2-phenylacetamido]penicillanate Molecular formula: C20H22N5NaO6S =483.5 CAS: 37091-65-9 ATC code: J01CA09 […]