Respiratory Infections

Common Cold

ContentsDescription of Medical ConditionMedical Symptoms and Signs of DiseaseWhat Causes Disease?Risk FactorsDiagnosis of DiseaseDifferential DiagnosisLaboratoryPathological FindingsSpecial TestsImagingDiagnostic ProceduresTreatment (Medical Therapy)Appropriate Health CareGeneral MeasuresActivityDietPatient EducationMedications (Drugs, Medicines)Drug(s) of ChoiceAlternative DrugsPatient MonitoringPrevention / AvoidancePossible ComplicationsExpected Course / PrognosisMiscellaneousAssociated ConditionsAge-Related FactorsPregnancySynonymsInternational Classification of DiseasesSee AlsoAbbreviationsBuy Most Popular Antibiotic, Antifungal, Antiparasitic, Antiviral Drugs Online no RX & OTCDescription of Medical Condition Inflammation of the nasal passages due to any number of respiratory viruses. Usually not serious; vast majority are self-treated. System(s) affected: Pulmonary Genetics: American Indians and Eskimos at higher risk than other ethnic groups and have more frequent complications such as otitis media; individuals with certain alpha-1-antitrypsin genotypes may be unusually susceptible to the …

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Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease & Emphysema

Description of Medical Condition Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) encompasses several diffuse pulmonary diseases including chronic bronchitis, asthma, cystic fibrosis, bronchiectasis, and emphysema. The term usually refers to a mixture of chronic bronchitis and emphysema. COPD is characterized by airflow limitation that is not fully reversible. • Chronic bronchitis is defined clinically by increased mucus production …

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Chronic Cough

ContentsDescription of Medical ConditionMedical Symptoms and Signs of DiseaseWhat Causes Disease?Risk FactorsDiagnosis of DiseaseDifferential DiagnosisPathological FindingsSpecial TestsImagingDiagnostic ProceduresTreatment (Medical Therapy)Appropriate Health CareGeneral MeasuresSurgical MeasuresActivityDietPatient EducationMedications (Drugs, Medicines)Drug(s) of ChoiceAlternative DrugsPatient MonitoringPrevention / AvoidancePossible ComplicationsExpected Course / PrognosisMiscellaneousAssociated ConditionsAge-Related FactorsPregnancyInternational Classification of DiseasesSee AlsoOther NotesAbbreviationsBuy Most Popular Antibiotic, Antifungal, Antiparasitic, Antiviral Drugs Online no RX & OTCDescription of Medical Condition Chronic cough is defined as cough of >3 weeks duration. Patients present for fear of underlying pathology (eg, cancer), annoyance, self-consciousness, hoarseness. Patients with stress urinary incontinence may find cough particularly troubling. COPD and smoking-related cough are most common etiologies at the primary care level. System(s) affected: Pulmonary, Gastrointestinal Genetics: N/A Incidence/Prevalence …

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Bronchiectasis

Description of Medical Condition Chronic irreversible, abnormal dilatation of the bronchi, usually accompanied by infection and productive cough System(s) affected: Pulmonary Genetics: Associated with many conditions including some that are congenital or hereditary Incidence/Prevalence in USA: • No reliable figures available • Less common than it once was, probably due to more effective treatment of childhood …

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Atelectasis

ContentsDescription of Medical ConditionMedical Symptoms and Signs of DiseaseWhat Causes Disease?Risk FactorsDiagnosis of DiseaseDifferential DiagnosisPathological FindingsImagingDiagnostic ProceduresTreatment (Medical Therapy)Appropriate Health CareGeneral MeasuresActivityDietPatient EducationMedications (Drugs, Medicines)Drug(s) of ChoiceAlternative DrugsPatient MonitoringPrevention / AvoidancePossible ComplicationsExpected Course / PrognosisMiscellaneousAssociated ConditionsAge-Related FactorsPregnancySynonymsInternational Classification of DiseasesSee AlsoOther NotesBuy Most Popular Antibiotic, Antifungal, Antiparasitic, Antiviral Drugs Online no RX & OTCDescription of Medical Condition Atelectasis (lung collapse) is a portion of lung which is non-aerated, but otherwise normal. May be an asymptomatic finding on CXR or associated with symptoms. Pulmonary blood flow to area of atelectasis is usually reduced, thereby limiting shunting and hypoxia. Diagnosis and therapy are directed at basic cause. System(s) affected: Pulmonary, Cardiovascular Genetics: Depends …

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Assessment of a Patient With Cough

ContentsBuy Most Popular Antibiotic, Antifungal, Antiparasitic, Antiviral Drugs Online no RX & OTC Relevant Evaluation Criteria Scenario/Model Outcome Information Gathering 1. Gather essential information about the patient’s symptoms, including: a. description of symptom(s) (i.e., nature, onset, duration, severity, associated symptoms) Patient has had a cold for several days. The rhinorrhea is resolving, but the cough persists, waking the patient, her siblings, and parents at night. The cough is dry and hacking. The patient had a fever the first couple days of the cold but has not had a fever since then. b. description of any factors that seem to precipitate, exacerbate, and/or relieve the patient’s symptom(s) The cough is worse when …

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Review of Colds

ContentsBuy Most Popular Antibiotic, Antifungal, Antiparasitic, Antiviral Drugs Online no RX & OTC Relevant Evaluation Criteria Scenario/Model Outcome Information Gathering 1. Gather essential information about the patient’s symptoms, including: a. description of symptom(s) (i.e., nature, onset, duration, severity, associated symptoms) Patient’s mother says that patient has been complaining of a runny nose, mild congestion, headache, and itchy eyes for 1 week. b. description of any factors that seem to precipitate, exacerbate, and/or relieve the patient’s symptom(s) Symptoms appeared about the same time the family moved into a new home. c. description of the patient’s efforts to relieve the symptoms Patient’s parents have not tried anything. 2. Gather essential patient history information: …

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Review of Cold

ContentsBuy Most Popular Antibiotic, Antifungal, Antiparasitic, Antiviral Drugs Online no RX & OTC Relevant Evaluation Criteria Scenario/Model Outcome Information Gathering 1. Gather essential information about the patient’s symptoms, including: a. description of symptom(s) (i.e., nature, onset, duration, severity, associated symptoms) Patient’s mother says that patient has been complaining of a runny nose, mild congestion, headache, and itchy eyes for 1 week. b. description of any factors that seem to precipitate, exacerbate, and/or relieve the patient’s symptom(s) Symptoms appeared about the same time the family moved into a new home. c. description of the patient’s efforts to relieve the symptoms Patient’s parents have not tried anything. 2. Gather essential patient history information: …

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Assessment of Colds

ContentsBuy Most Popular Antibiotic, Antifungal, Antiparasitic, Antiviral Drugs Online no RX & OTC Relevant Evaluation Criteria Scenario/Model Outcome Information Gathering 1. Gather essential information about the patient’s symptoms, including: a. description of symptom(s) (i.e., nature, onset, duration, severity, associated symptoms) Patient complains of severe congestion and rhinorrhea for 3 days. He also has a headache and is tired. b. description of any factors that seem to precipitate, exacerbate, and/or relieve the patient’s symptom(s) Symptoms appeared 3 days ago after a trip to Chicago. Congestion and headache are worse in the morning. No symptom relief has been noted. c. description of the patient’s efforts to relieve the symptoms Patient has tried hot …

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Pulmonary Infections

ContentsAcute PneumoniasPotential SeverityGeneral Considerations In Acute PneumoniaPrevalenceCausesPathogenesis and PathologyKey PointsAbout the Protective Mechanisms of the LungAbout the Pathogenesis of PneumoniaPredisposing FactorsKey Points About Factors that Predispose to PneumoniaSymptoms and Signs Case 1Key PointsAbout the Classification of Pneumonia Pneumonias are classified byKey Points About the History in PneumoniaKey PointsAbout the Physical Exam in PneumoniaLaboratory FindingsAbout Chest X-Ray in PneumoniaKey PointsAbout Blood Tests in PneumoniaKey PointsAbout Sputum Gram Stain and CultureDeciding On Hospital Admission In Acute PneumoniaSpecific Causes Of Acute Community-Acquired PneumoniaChronic Pneumonias TuberculosisPotential SeverityCase  3PathogenesisEpidemiologyKey PointsAbout the Pathogenesis of TuberculosisKey Points About the Epidemiology of TuberculosisKey Points About Primary TuberculosisClinical ManifestationsPrimary TuberculosisMiliary TuberculosisKey PointsAbout Miliary TuberculosisSecondary TuberculosisKey PointsAbout Secondary TuberculosisDiagnosisKey PointsAbout the …

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