Intra-abdominal Infections

Anaerobic & Necrotizing Infections

Description of Medical Condition Gangrene is local death of soft tissues due to disease or injury and is associated with loss of blood supply. Anaerobic and necrotizing infections may be associated with gas. System(s) affected: Skin/Exocrine, Cardiovascular Genetics: N/A Incidence/Prevalence in USA: Rare Predominant age: Any Predominant sex: Male = Female Medical Symptoms and Signs of Disease • Local pain • Foul odor • Abnormally dark skin and tissues under skin (dark green to black) • Crepitation (gas) • Fever • Rapid pulse • Fulminant course leading to death without treatment What Causes Disease? • Local injury • Superimposed infection (surface or deep; local or distant) • Carcinoma of large intestine …

Continue Reading...

Intra-abdominal Infections

Definition Intra-abdominal infections are those contained within the peritoneum or retroperitoneal space. Two general types of intra-abdominal infection are discussed throughout this chapter: peritonitis and abscess. Peritonitis is defined as the acute, inflammatory response of peritoneal lining to microorganisms, chemicals, irradiation, or foreign body injury. Peritonitis may be classified as either primary or secondary. With primary peritonitis, an intra-abdominal focus of disease may not be evident. In secondary peritonitis, a focal disease process is evident within the abdomen. An abscess is a purulent collection of fluid separated by a more or less well-defined wall from surrounding tissue. It usually contains necrotic debris, bacteria, and inflammatory cells. Pathophysiology Table Causes of Bacterial …

Continue Reading...
CLOSE
CLOSE