Infections

Cholera

Description of Medical Condition An acute infectious disease caused by Vibrio cholerae (El Tor type is responsible for current epidemic, the other type, classic, is found only in Bangladesh). (New serotype now in Bangladesh, India (0139). Important because of lack of efficacy of standard vaccine.) Characteristics include severe diarrhea with extreme fluid and electrolyte depletion, and vomiting, muscle …

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Brucellosis

Description of Medical Condition Systemic bacterial infection caused by Brucella species in infected animal products, or vaccine. Incubation period usually 5-60 days, but highly variable and may be several months. Characterized by intermittent or irregular fevers, with symptoms ranging from subclinical disease to infection of almost any organ system. Bone and joint involvement common. May be chronic …

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Brain Abscess

Description of Medical Condition Single or multiple abscesses within the brain, usually occurring secondary to a focus of infection outside the central nervous system. May mimic brain tumor but evolves more rapidly (days to a few weeks). It starts as a cerebritis, becomes necrotic, and subsequently becomes encapsulated. System(s) affected: Nervous Genetics: No known genetic pattern Incidence/Prevalence in …

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Botulism

Description of Medical Condition An intoxication producing paralytic disease caused by neurotoxins of Clostridium botulism and is the most toxic substances known to science. The toxin prevents acetylcholine release at presynaptic membranes, blocking neuromuscular transmission in cholinergic nerve fibers. • Four forms exist: – Foodborne botulism – Infantile botulism – Wound botulism – Classification undetermined System(s) …

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Management of Bacterial Meningitis

Central nervous system infections, especially bacterial meningitis, are frequently life-threatening and usually constitute medical emergencies that require accurate and prompt treatment. (Portions of this section about meningitis have previously been published [Swartz and O'Hanley 1987] and are reproduced with permission of the publisher, Scientific American Medicine, New York. [Send permission to section editor.]) Fortunately, advances in methods of diagnosis and treatment developed during the past 15 years have significantly improved the prognosis associated …

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Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)

ContentsDescription of Medical ConditionMedical Symptoms and Signs of DiseaseWhat Causes Disease?Risk FactorsDiagnosis of DiseaseDifferential DiagnosisLaboratoryPathological FindingsSpecial TestsImagingDiagnostic ProceduresTreatment (Medical Therapy)Appropriate Health CareGeneral MeasuresSurgical MeasuresActivityDietMedications (Drugs, Medicines)Drug(s) of ChoiceAlternative DrugsPatient MonitoringPrevention / AvoidancePossible ComplicationsExpected Course / PrognosisMiscellaneousAssociated ConditionsAge-Related FactorsPregnancySynonymsInternational Classification of DiseasesSee AlsoBuy Most Popular Antibiotic, Antifungal, Antiparasitic, Antiviral Drugs Online no RX & OTCDescription of Medical Condition PID is a clinical syndrome caused by the ascent of microorganisms from the vagina and endocervix to the endometrium, fallopian tubes, ovaries, and contiguous structures. PID is a broad term that includes a variety of upper genital tract infections, unrelated to pregnancy or surgical procedures, such as salpingitis, salpingo-oophoritis, endometritis, tubo-ovarian inflammatory masses, and …

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Osteomyelitis

ContentsDescription of Medical ConditionMedical Symptoms and Signs of DiseaseWhat Causes Disease?Risk FactorsDiagnosis of DiseaseDifferential DiagnosisLaboratoryPathological FindingsImagingDiagnostic ProceduresTreatment (Medical Therapy)Appropriate Health CareGeneral MeasuresSurgical MeasuresActivityDietPatient EducationMedications (Drugs, Medicines)Drug(s) of ChoiceAlternative DrugsPatient MonitoringPrevention / AvoidancePossible ComplicationsExpected Course / PrognosisMiscellaneousAssociated ConditionsAge-Related FactorsPregnancyInternational Classification of DiseasesBuy Most Popular Antibiotic, Antifungal, Antiparasitic, Antiviral Drugs Online no RX & OTC  Description of Medical Condition – Osteomyelitis is an acute or chronic infection of the bone and its structures caused most commonly by bacteria and rarely by other microorganisms. This infection may be acquired either by hematogenous, contiguous, or direct inoculation such as trauma or surgery. System(s) affected: Musculoskeletal Genetics: There is no genetic predisposition known in this disease …

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Pneumonia, bacterial

ContentsDescription of Medical ConditionMedical Symptoms and Signs of DiseaseWhat Causes Disease?Risk FactorsDiagnosis of DiseaseDifferential DiagnosisLaboratoryPathological FindingsSpecial TestsImagingDiagnostic ProceduresTreatment (Medical Therapy)Appropriate Health CareGeneral MeasuresActivityDietMedications (Drugs, Medicines)Drug(s) of ChoiceAlternative DrugsPatient MonitoringPrevention / AvoidancePossible ComplicationsExpected Course / PrognosisMiscellaneousAssociated ConditionsAge-Related FactorsPregnancySynonymsInternational Classification of DiseasesSee AlsoOther NotesBuy Most Popular Antibiotic, Antifungal, Antiparasitic, Antiviral Drugs Online no RX & OTCDescription of Medical Condition An acute, bacterial infection of the lung parenchyma. Infection may be community-acquired or nosocomial (hospital acquired by an inpatient for at least 48 hours or inpatient in the previous 90 days). Most commonly, community-acquired disease is caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae or Mycoplasma pneumoniae. Hospital-acquired pneumonia is usually due to gram negative rods (60%, such …

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Arthritis, infectious

ContentsDescription of Medical ConditionMedical Symptoms and Signs of DiseaseWhat Causes Disease?Risk FactorsDiagnosis of DiseaseDifferential DiagnosisLaboratoryPathological FindingsSpecial TestsImagingDiagnostic ProceduresTreatment (Medical Therapy)Appropriate Health CareGeneral MeasuresSurgical MeasuresActivityDietMedications (Drugs, Medicines)Drug(s) of ChoiceAlternative DrugsPatient MonitoringPrevention / AvoidancePossible ComplicationsExpected Course / PrognosisMiscellaneousAssociated ConditionsAge-Related FactorsPregnancySynonymsInternational Classification of DiseasesSee AlsoBuy Most Popular Antibiotic, Antifungal, Antiparasitic, Antiviral Drugs Online no RX & OTCArthritis, infectious, bacterial Description of Medical Condition Invasion of joints by live microorganisms or their fragments. One of the few curable causes of arthritis. May allow early recognition of systemic infection/disease. System(s) affected: Musculoskeletal Genetics: N/A Incidence/Prevalence in USA: • Neisserial: – Responsible for 50% of infectious arthritis – Arthritis occurs in 0.6% of the 3% of women …

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