Cardiovascular Infections

Cardiovascular Infections

Infective Endocarditis Potential Severity Acute endocarditis is life-threatening and often requires surgical intervention.Subacute endocarditis is an indolent disease that can continue for months. Epidemiology Infective endocarditis remains a serious but relatively uncommon problem. The incidence varies from series to series, being estimated to be as high as 11 per 100,000 population, and as low as 0.6 per 100,000 population. The exact incidence is difficult to ascertain, because the definitions for endocarditis differ in many surveys. A reasonable estimate is probably 2 per 100,000 population. This means that a primary care physician will encounter only 1 to 2 cases over a working lifetime. Endocarditis is more common in men than in women, …

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Endocarditis, infective

Description of Medical Condition A disease resulting from infection primarily of the valvular endocardium and occasionally the mural endocardium System(s) affected: Cardiovascular, Skin/Exocrine, Pulmonary, Endocrine/Metabolic, Renal/Urologic, Hemic/Lymphatic /lmmunologic Genetics: Unknown Incidence/Prevalence in USA: 1.7-4.2/100,000; 0.32-1.3/1000 hospital admissions Predominant age: All ages Predominant sex: Male > Female (slightly) Medical Symptoms and Signs of Disease • Fever, may be high, low or absent. May be only symptom in prosthetic valve endocarditis. • Night sweats, chilly sensation • Malaise, myalgia, joint pain • Back pain, may be severe • Anorexia, weight loss • Delirium, headache • Paralysis, hemiparesis, aphasia • Numbness, muscle weakness • Cold extremity with pain • Bloody urine, may be gross …

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